Diabetes During the Holidays
This week we take a look at diabetes as you gather around the dining room table to feast with friends and family. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. The risk of dying for people with diabetes is twice as likely as those without it.
Type 1 diabetes is defined as a lack of insulin production. This disease requires individuals have daily doses of insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot effectively use insulin. 90% of diabetics have type 2. It is often caused by excess body weight and physical inactivity.
Elevated blood sugar over a long period of time can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Complications include blindness, neuropathy, foot ulcers and eventual limb amputation, kidney failure, heart disease, and stroke.
Prevention includes maintaining a healthy body weight, physical activity (30 minutes a day), early diagnosis, lowering blood sugar, and tobacco cessation. Control measures include insulin injections, oral medications, blood pressure control, foot care, vision care, cholesterol regulation, and early screening for kidney disease. Diabetes is often very preventable, so be sure to take action now and get control of your health!
See the attached article for more details on prevention, causes, and health implications for both types of diabetes. Diabetes Fact Sheet
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