Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy. Either your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin to get glucose into the cells of your body, or your body can’t use its own insulin as well as it should.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and amputations. It is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Type I or insulin-dependent diabetes (juvenile-onset) accounts for 5-10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors are involved in the development of Type I diabetes. Type II or non-insulin-dependent diabetes (adult onset) is the most common type. Risk factors include older age, obesity, physical inactivity, genetics, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, and race/ethnicity.
Signs and symptoms include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes, tingling or numbness in hands or feet, feeling very tired much of the time, very dry skin, sores that are slow to heal, and having more infections that usual. Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains may accompany the sudden onset of Type I diabetes.
Treatment for Type II diabetes includes diet control, exercise, home blood glucose testing, and oral medication or insulin, if necessary. Approximately 40% of people with Type II diabetes require insulin injections. Studies on Type II diabetes show that regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight help to prevent the disease from developing.
See the attached article for more details regarding the different forms of diabetes: Diabetes Information
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