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Welcome to the Injury Prevention Library!

High blood pressure or hypertension is dangerous because the symptoms are usually mild or sometimes undetectable. 1 in 3 American adults has high blood pressure.

Those are higher risk for developing high blood pressure are people with a family history, anyone over age 35, individuals who are overweight, living a sedentary lifestyle, consuming too much salt, consuming too much alcohol, those with diabetes or kidney disease, and pregnant women. Untreated high blood pressure can lead to a stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure, or peripheral artery disease.

Staying healthy and stress-free is the best prevention for hypertension. Lose weight, eat healthy meals, limit alcohol consumption, be more physically active, take medicine as prescribed, and learn about healthy blood pressure numbers. Educate yourself if you have concerns!

See the attached article for more details on hypertension. HTN

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What causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome? Is it due to performing repetitive tasks or does it originate from disease-related variables?

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is widely known to be an injury occurring from repetitive use of the hands or wrists. However, research suggests that CTS is associated with thyroid conditions, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetes. Interestingly enough, the incidence of work-related injuries has declined recently with the exception of CTS; incidence has remained steady. This suggests that the link between work-related tasks and CTS is not strong.

The symptoms include pain, numbness, tingling, or a combination of the three. This is usually in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers. Symptoms are worse at night. Other symptoms may involve grip weakness, clumsiness, and tendency to drop things.

Treatment may result in surgery if the symptoms are severe enough without resolution with other more conservative approaches. You may wear wrist splints, especially at night, to help reduce direct pressure on the median nerve. A steroid injection may also be helpful by reducing swelling around the nerve to decrease pressure.

See the attached article for more details on CTS causes and treatment. CTS

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Continue to follow us as we continue our How-To Series: Upright Row.

The upright row is a weight training exercise performed by holding a resistance object with an overhand grip and pulling it straight up toward the neck or collarbone. This is a compound exercise that involves the trapezius, the deltoids, and the biceps. The narrower the grip the more the trapezius muscles are exercised, as opposed to the deltoids.

Please click on this link for a downloadable PDF that details the technique, variations, and injury prevention steps for the Upright Row. How-To Upright Row

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Up to 80% of people will experience significant low back pain at some point in their lives. This back pain is typically associated with muscle spasm. It can happen only briefly, but the pain can return if not properly treated.

The causes of low back pain include muscle strain, ligament sprain, poor posture, age, bulging discs, bladder/kidney infection, endometriosis, cancer, or ovarian problems.

Treatment includes rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medication, early exercise with the onset of low back pain, and proper positioning while you sleep. In order to prevent low back pain from coming back begin a strengthening program once the severity of the pain has decreased. Focus on proper posture with a neutral spine, and always practice proper lifting and body mechanics.

See the attached article for more details on low back pain. Low Back Pain

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Ankle sprains are very common and vary in severity. If left untreated, they can develop into a chronic problem. However, quick and proper treatment can lead to a faster recovery with often very few remnants of the injury if the sprain was mild to begin with.

Most ankle sprains occur as the foot is forced inward. There are three lateral ankle ligaments that are most susceptible to injury. The lateral ankle sprain is common due to the increased range of motion available with inward foot motion, but a medial ankle sprain is also possible given the appropriate circumstance. High ankle sprains involve soft tissue higher up on the lower leg, and typically are more difficult to treat and take longer to heal.

Symptoms include swelling around the lateral ankle, pain with movement, pain while applying weight or pressure to the foot, and decreased range of motion at the ankle. The symptoms will vary depending on severity and location of the ankle sprain.

Early, pain-free, movement will help maintain or regain range of motion. Elevation will help control swelling; weight bearing as soon as it is comfortable is helpful in regaining muscle strength. It is important to strengthen the ankle before a return to activity with resistance exercises and proprioception exercises. Proper footwear and full pain-free range of motion are also important before returning to activity. It is also wise to return gradually with functional testing in the environment before being released to 100% participation.

See the attached article for more prevention and treatment details for ankle sprains. Ankle Sprains

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